More than one person in two thinks corruption has worsened in the last two years, according to the world’s largest public opinion survey on corruption from Transparency International, but survey participants also firmly believe they can make a difference and have the will to take action against graft.The Global Corruption Barometer 2013 also found that in many countries the institutions people rely on to fight corruption and other crime are themselves not trusted.
According to a recently released survey on global corruption public institutions entrusted to protect people are the most corrupt and in Sri Lanka it is the police.The Global Corruption Barometer (GCB) released by Transparency International on Tuesday(9) shows that 64% of Sri Lankans believe that corruption has increased in the past two years in the country and police were corrupt or extremely corrupt institution in the country.
Only 18% of people have felt that corruption was decreasing while 19% said it has stayed the same.
Among the eight services evaluated by the survey the police and the judiciary are seen as the two most bribery prone institutions globally.
In Sri Lanka, 64% of respondents felt that police was the most corrupt while globally an estimated 31% of people had paid a bribe to police.
However, 21% of respondents felt that Sri Lanka’s judiciary was corrupt which was below the global average of 24%.
Around the world, political parties are perceived to be the most corrupt institution and in Sri Lanka 51% of respondents believed Sri Lankan political parties were corrupt.
When asked whether the responder or a household member paid a bribe to one of the eight services in the last 12 months, 43% have reported paying a bribe to the police and 22% to the judiciary.
When asked for their views on the effectiveness of the Government’s actions in the fight against corruption, only 38% believed the measures were effective while 47% said they were not effective in combating corruption.
Only 4% of the respondents said the current government is not run by a few big entities acting in their own best interests while 84% of the respondents believed the corruption is a big problem.
According to the GCB report, 72% of the people surveyed in Sri Lanka believe ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption and 81% were willing to get involved.
Elsewhere in the region 100% of people surveyed in Bangladesh were willing to get involved while 99% in India said they would fight corruption.
The 2013 Transparency International survey on global corruption obtained data from more than 114,000 respondents in 107 countries.
The Global Corruption Barometer 2013 evaluated corruption in eight services – Political Parties, Police, Public Officials/Civil Servants, Parliament/Legislature, Judiciary, Business/Private Sector, Medical and Health Services, Education System, Media, Military, NGOs , and Religious Bodies.